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What are three possible causes of hypertension?

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Essential causes of high blood pressure include stress, anxiety and unhealthy lifestyle, but it can happen on its own as well, or it can result from a previously underlying medical condition.

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Here are some of the most common essential or primary cases of hypertension:

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Excessive salt intake

According to the American Heart Association, a person’s sodium intake should more than 1,500 milligrams per day), otherwise it can lead to high blood pressure, diabetes, and other cardiovascular diseases.

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Arteries & blood vessels

Abnormalities in the blood vessels and arteries (like thickening or narrowing) may also result in higher blood pressure.

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Increased blood volume

Increased blood volume increases the pressure of blood on arterial walls, which could also cause hypertension.

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Genetic disorders

Genetic factors play an important role in the development of hypertension. In some rare cases, family history of hypertension is caused by genetic disorders within single genes.

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Stressful life

When you are stressed, your body releases a type of hormone that spikes your blood pressure level.

Some of the conditions and medications that might trigger secondary hypertension include:

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Certain medicines

Some medications like Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), Cough and Cold Medications, migraine headache medications, weight loss drugs etc. may also raise your blood pressure. 

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Recreational drugs

Some recreational drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines (speed) and ecstasy) can raise your blood pressure significantly to multiply the risk of heart disease.

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Pregnancy

Gestational hypertension may occur due to several causes like obesity, inactivity, first-time pregnancy, family history, or assistive technology like IVF.

Sometimes underlying health conditions may also cause hypertension:

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Obstructive sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is a common cause of secondary high blood pressure. Obstructive sleep apnea episodes produce a spike in systolic and diastolic blood pressure that keep your blood pressure levels elevated.

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Kidney disease

In some cases kidney disease causes the arteries of our kidneys to narrow, weaken or harden, which may lead to high blood pressure as well.

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Adrenal gland tumor

Hypertension is also very common cause for adrenal gland tumors or dysfunctions such as Cushing’s syndrome.

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Thyroid disease

One of the most common symptoms of thyroid disease is high blood pressure.

Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs may result in hypertension. Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines also lead to high blood pressure.

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Alcohol & Smoking

Alcohol abuse, and smoking or chronic alcohol use can lead to high blood pressure as well.

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