Hypertension or blood pressure is a chronic condition. It is the high pressure of blood against the walls of our arteries. The pressure of blood is highest when the heart beats and lowest when it rests between beats. The highest blood pressure is called systolic and the lowest is diastolic pressure. When either systolic or diastolic pressure goes higher than normal it is called hypertension or high blood pressure.
Symptoms of hypertension
Hypertension or high blood pressure (HBP) is called “Silent Killer”, as generally, it has no symptoms of its own. A person might have high blood pressure for several years without even knowing about it. On some rare occasions, a person might have occasional headaches only.
But when your blood pressure is extremely high, you may be certain symptoms like:
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- A severe headache
- Fatigue or confusion
- blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Blood in the urine
- Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears
Since these symptoms of hypertension are quite common and may suggest towards numerous other health conditions, many people seem to ignore it. Ignoring these symptoms may silently lead to serious health consequences like Heart attack, Stroke, Kidney disease etc.
But Fortunately, If Hypertension (high blood pressure) is detected early, monitored, and manage through a healthy lifestyle, the complications caused by high blood pressure can be avoided or delayed. So if you ever experience any of the above symptoms of hypertension do not ignore them. Have them checked by your doctor immediately.
If you are diagnosed with hypertension, here are some healthy lifestyle ideas that can help you control your blood pressure:
- If you are overweight or obese, try to lose weight ASAP.
- Stop smoking
- Move to a healthier diet like DASH diet (eating more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, less saturated, total fat and limit sodium intake)
- If you have high blood pressure you should not consume more than 1500 mg of sodium a day, and for healthy adults, the limit is 2300 mg.
- Getting regular physical activity (such as brisk walking at least 30 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week)
- Avoid alcohol and other recreational drugs.
These lifestyle changes with not only reduce your blood pressure level but also increase the effectiveness of your hypertension medications.